Help Center
Click to Home
Go To Search

City of Charleston News Flash

78 Stories
Posted on: November 9, 2018

Citizens Encouraged to Participate in Bells of Peace Observance Honoring American WWI Soldiers

In commemoration of the 4.7 million Americans who served, the 375,000 who were wounded and 115,516 who died in World War I, Charleston citizens and institutions are encouraged to toll their bells at 11 a.m. on Sunday, November 11, 2018 as part of a nation...

Read on...

Posted on: October 25, 2018

Mayor Tecklenburg Announces Renovation Plan for Charleston Municipal Golf Course

This afternoon, Mayor John Tecklenburg joined members of Charleston City Council and community leaders for a press conference to announce the city’s plans to renovate the Municipal Golf Course for the first time in nearly six decades.

The renovat...

Read on...

Posted on: October 26, 2018

Charleston Launches Online Performance Management Hub

The City of Charleston is proud to announce the launch of a new online, data-driven performance management hub focused on improving the efficiency and effectiveness of City services. The hub was created as part of Charleston’s participation in W...Read on...

Posted on: August 24, 2018

City of Charleston Breaks Ground on Fire Station 11

At a ceremony on August 24th, the city of Charleston officially broke ground on Fire Station 11, which is being built at 1835 Savannah Highway adjacent to Charleston 9 Memorial Park. When completed, the 14,500 square foot building will include a command t...

Read on...

Posted on: September 18, 2018

Lowcountry Mayors’ Disaster Relief Fund to Aid Hurricane Florence Recovery Efforts

At a press conference at North Charleston City Hall, Isle of Palms Mayor Jimmy Carroll, Folly Beach Mayor Tim Goodwin, Goose Creek Mayor Gregory Habib, Mount Pleasant Mayor Will Haynie, Summerville Mayor Wiley Johnson, North Charleston Mayor Keith Summey,...Read on...

Posted on: September 15, 2018

Storm Damage Assessments

City of Charleston crews are out doing formal damage assessments throughout the city. Early reports indicate minimal damage.

You can help by self-reporting any damage by calling the Citizen Services desk at 843-724-7311 or logging it here: http://gis.ch...Read on...

Posted on: August 15, 2018

City of Charleston Releases Update to Tour Guide Program, Offers Voluntary Certification

Today, the city of Charleston released an update to the Tour Guide Program, which outlines the new voluntary tour guide certification program that is now available, pending further judicial review of the mandatory program. City of Charleston Cor...Read on... Tour Guide Program Update
Posted on: August 6, 2018

City of Charleston Sends Cease and Desist Letter to Bird Rides, Inc.

On Aug. 6, City of Charleston Assistant Corporation Counsel Steve Ruemelin sent a cease and desist letter to Bird Rides, Inc. regarding their operation of an unlicensed and illegal motorized scooter rental program in the city.

The letter is attached and th...

Read on...

Posted on: August 9, 2018

Kick-off New School Year at the First Day Festival

The city of Charleston will welcome thousands of students and their families to the 16th Annual First Day Festival at Liberty Square at the SC Aquarium and Gadsdenborough Park on Sunday, August 12, 2018. Each year, the festival serves as a celebration of ...

Read on...

Posted on: August 3, 2018

City of Charleston Working with Owners to Expedite Pelican Pointe Villas Repairs

The city of Charleston continues to work with the homeowners’ association and the property management company to approve plans for remediation at Pelican Pointe Villas at 1984 Folly Road. In addition, representatives from the city of Charleston...Read on...
Posted on: July 31, 2018

Upgrades to Martin Luther King, Jr. Pool Delayed; Facility to Remain Open Temporarily

Due to the appointment of a new project manager by the outside contractor, Johnson Controls, upgrades to the City of Charleston’s Martin Luther King, Jr. pool have been delayed, and the pool will remain open until a new timeline for the project ...

Read on...

Posted on: July 30, 2018

City of Charleston to Host Second Annual Civic Engagement Workshop, “I’m a Resident, Now What?”

The city of Charleston will hold its second annual civic engagement workshop, “I’m a Resident, Now What?” on Saturday, August 11, 2018 from 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. at the Schoolhouse, located at 720 Magnolia Road.

Organized by the...

Read on...

Posted on: July 27, 2018

City of Charleston to Conduct Operation Move-out

The city of Charleston’s annual “Operation Move-out” initiative begins next week. Operation Move-out will be conducted from 8 a.m., Monday, July 30th through 5 p.m., Friday, August 3rd. Tenants are asked to place trash items ...Read on...

Posted on: July 25, 2018

Traffic and Safety Improvements Completed Along Septima Clark Parkway

The city of Charleston Department of Traffic and Transportation has completed a series of traffic and safety improvements along the Septima Clark Parkway to increase the efficiency and security of travel for both motorists and pedestrians. New pedestrian...Read on...
Posted on: July 24, 2018

City of Charleston Call Center Now Open

At a ribbon cutting ceremony, Mayor John Tecklenburg announced the official opening of the city of Charleston’s new call center, the Citizen Services Desk, which connects residents to city-related services and information. Residents can cont...Read on...
Posted on: July 17, 2018

City of Charleston Announces School Supply Drive Ahead of First Day Festival

In preparation for the Annual First Day Festival, the city of Charleston is conducting a school supply drive to ensure that local students have the materials they need to begin the new school year. Donations will be accepted through Wednesday, Au...

Read on...

Posted on: July 20, 2018

City of Charleston July 20 PM Flooding Update

Due to today’s extreme rainfall event, city of Charleston crews and emergency officials have been working since early this morning to mitigate the effects of flooding throughout the city. Unofficial reports indicate that parts of the Charleston ...

Read on...

Posted on: July 20, 2018

City of Charleston Responding to Friday AM Flash Flooding

City of Charleston emergency officials have been in the emergency operations center since early this morning responding to the impacts of today’s extreme flash flood. Residents are asked to delay their entry into downtown Charleston if at all po...

Read on...

Posted on: July 16, 2018

City of Charleston Business and Neighborhood Services to Partner with Envolve Entrepreneurship

The city of Charleston Business and Neighborhood Services (BNS) Division is partnering with Envolve Entrepreneurship (Envolve), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, to provide various support services and resources for Charleston’s entrepreneurs.

Through this...

Read on...

Posted on: July 13, 2018

Mayor Tecklenburg, Partners Announce Upcoming Panama City Trade Mission

At a press conference earlier today, Charleston Mayor John Tecklenburg announced an upcoming Trade Mission to Panama City, Panama being coordinated by Charleston Sister Cities International in partnership with the South Carolina Department of Commerce and...

Read on...

Posted on: July 12, 2018

Army Corps of Engineers to Conduct Charleston Peninsula Flood Risk Management Study

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Charleston District recently received funding to conduct a Flood Risk Management Study of the Charleston Peninsula to determine cost effective strategies to provide long-term risk reduction from flooding.

Mayor John Teckle...

Read on...

Posted on: July 2, 2018

Public Input Sought for Redevelopment of Northbridge Piggly Wiggly Site

The city of Charleston and West Ashley Revitalization Commission will hold two open-house public input sessions to discuss redevelopment ideas for the former Northbridge Piggly Wiggly site on Tuesday, July 10 from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. and on Wednesday, July 1...

Read on...

Posted on: June 29, 2018

Illumination Project Welcomes Reverend Kylon Middleton as New Leader

At a press conference this afternoon, Mayor John Tecklenburg announced that Reverend Kylon Middleton, Pastor of Mount Zion AME Church, will serve as the new Charleston Illumination Project leader, continuing the work of Margaret Seidler, who has held the ...

Read on...

Posted on: June 28, 2018

“All of Us” Resource Center for Homeless Citizens Now Open

Charleston Mayor John J. Tecklenburg, members of city council and the Mayors’ Commission on Homelessness and Affordable Housing and We Are Family participated in a ribbon cutting ceremony for the new “All of Us” Resource Cent...Read on...

Posted on: June 15, 2018

Department of Planning, Preservation & Sustainability to Host Short Term Rental Application Workshop

The department of Planning, Preservation, and Sustainability will host two open house workshops where citizens can meet with city staff to review the process of applying for Short Term Rental permits under the new ordinance, which seeks to more broadly re...

Read on...

Posted on: June 6, 2018

City of Charleston Participates in Tri-County Earthquake Exercise

Today, the city of Charleston joined Tri-County government agencies in an annual emergency preparedness drill to test the response to a simulated 5.5 magnitude earthquake.

More than 40 personnel representing every city department participated in the more ...

Read on...

Posted on: May 31, 2018

City of Charleston Parking Study Moving Forward

The city of Charleston Department of Traffic and Transportation is conducting a study to update its parking system for the first time in 20 years. The study will examine current and future parking trends for residents, businesses, employees and visitors i...

Read on...

Posted on: May 31, 2018

Accommodations Tax and Community Assistance Grant Applications

Applications for 2019 Accommodations Tax and Community Assistance Grants are now available. Applications are due by 3 p.m., July 26 at 75 Calhoun St., Suite 3500. An applicants workshop will be held from 3 p.m. on June 21, 2 George St., 1st Floor Public M...Read on...

Posted on: May 30, 2018

City of Charleston Gives Public Notice of FEMA Grant Application

The City of Charleston has applied for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Hazard Mitigation Grant Program funding through the South Carolina Emergency Management Division (SCEMD) as a sub-grantee. 

The proposed work includes placement of c...

Read on...

Posted on: May 24, 2018

Opening Ceremony for 42nd Annual Spoleto Festival USA to Take Place Friday

Please join Charleston Mayor John J. Tecklenburg, Spoleto Festival Board Chair William Medich, keynote speaker and playwright Henry Naylor, and Seacoast Church Founding Pastor Greg Surratt at the opening ceremony for the 42nd annual Spoleto Festival USA, ...Read on...

Posted on: May 21, 2018

Annual Summer Service Learning Institute to Begin in June

Youth Volunteer Corps (YVC) of Charleston will hold their annual Summer Service-Learning Institute (SSLI) this summer to provide rising 7th and 8th graders (current 6th and 7th graders) in Charleston County an opportunity to have productive summer breaks ...

Read on...

Posted on: May 18, 2018

Wando River Bridge Opens to Two-Way Traffic Sunday, May 20

Wando River Bridge Opens to Two-Way Traffic Sunday, May 20

A joint release by Town of Mount Pleasant, Charleston County and City of Charleston Public Information Officers

In anticipation of SCDOT’s press conference, Mount Pleasant, Charleston Coun...

Read on...

Posted on: May 18, 2018

City of Charleston Fire and Police Departments to Square-off in Softball Game

Before the Charleston RiverDogs play the Columbia Fireflies at 5:05 p.m. on Sunday, May 20, the Charleston Fire Department will take on the Charleston Police Department in a “Boots vs. Badges” softball game, beginning at 3 p.m.

The dou...

Read on...

Posted on: May 17, 2018

City of Charleston Wando River Bridge Closure, PM Update for May 17

Today, the city of Charleston continued to work closely with regional and state officials to begin implementing the South Carolina Department of Transportation’s traffic mitigation plans for the region.

This afternoon, cones were placed on the I-...

Read on...

Posted on: May 16, 2018

City of Charleston Wando River Bridge Closure, PM Update for May 16

At a press conference tonight with regional leaders throughout the Lowcountry, SCDOT Deputy Secretary for Engineering Leland Colvin announced that the Wando River Bridge will remain closed until June 11, while repairs to the bridge are being affected.

In ...

Read on...

Posted on: May 15, 2018

City of Charleston Wando River Bridge Closure PM Update for May 15

The city of Charleston continued working today with state and regional officials to understand and mitigate the effects of the Wando River Bridge closure.

Mayor Tecklenburg has been in direct communication with South Carolina Department of Transportation S...

Read on...

Posted on: May 9, 2018

Blessing of the Bikes Event to Take Place in Hampton Park

Mayor John Tecklenburg will join Boston’s Reverend Laura Everett, author of “Holy Spokes: The Search for Urban Spirituality on Two Wheels,” city of Charleston director of Traffic and Transportation Keith Benjamin, St. Stephen...

Read on...

Posted on: May 8, 2018

Mayor Tecklenburg Urges County Council to Move Forward with Pitchfork Plan for Johns Island

Today, Charleston Mayor John J. Tecklenburg sent a letter to Charleston County Council Chairman Vic Rawl urging County Council to move forward with plans to “fund, design, and construct both the northern and southern pitchforks,” for M...

Read on...

Posted on: May 7, 2018

City of Charleston Office on Aging to Host Senior Information Summit

The city of Charleston Mayor’s Office on Aging will host a 2018 Senior Information Summit in partnership with Trident Area Agency on Aging and All About Seniors from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Tuesday, May 15, 2018 at the Arthur W. Christopher Communi...

Read on...

Posted on: May 4, 2018

Barbados Delegation to Visit Charleston

Next week, a delegation from Barbados will visit Charleston. The delegation will include the Ambassador of Barbados to the United States Selwin Hart, Barbados Tourism Product Authority CEO Dr. Kerry Hall, Historian Sir Henry Fraser, Barbados Tourism Marke...

Read on...

Posted on: April 30, 2018

City of Charleston Affordable Housing Initiatives Outlined in Letter to Charleston Area Justice Mini

Tonight, a delegation of city officials, including Mayor pro tempore James Lewis, Jr., Senior Advisor to the Mayor Josh Martin, director of the city of Charleston Housing and Community Development Department Geona Shaw Johnson and President and CEO of the...

Read on...

Posted on: April 27, 2018

City of Charleston Business and Neighborhood Services Division to Host Workshop in Partnership with

In honor of National Small Business Week, the city of Charleston Business & Neighborhood Services division will partner with Microsoft to hold a 3-hour workshop aimed toward helping small businesses and entrepreneurs learn to launch their online prese...

Read on...

Posted on: April 26, 2018

City of Charleston Recreation Department Announces MW Tennis Academy as Tennis Instructional Partner

The City of Charleston Recreation Department has officially announced MW Tennis Academy and its CEO and co-founder Jeff Wilson as the new tennis instructional partner at the Charleston Tennis Center.

Their first day of service will be Tuesday, May 1, 2018...

Read on...

Posted on: April 25, 2018

City of Charleston Design Division Hosts “Weekend of Jane Jacobs”

The City of Charleston Design Division is holding a series of free, public events May 3rd through May 6th to celebrate the work and life of author Jane Jacobs.

Events will include an outdoor educational screening of the documentary, “Citizen Jane...

Read on...

Posted on: April 25, 2018

Swedish Tall Ship Gunilla Docked in Charleston

The Swedish tall ship Gunilla arrived yesterday for its 12th visit to the city of Charleston, and will remain docked at the Charleston Maritime Center through May 1, 2018.

The 160’ Barkentine ship arrived with 52 students and crew aboard.&nbs...

Read on...

Posted on: April 5, 2018

Assistant Chief Joseph Roberts Named City of Charleston Interim Fire Chief

Mayor John Tecklenburg today announced that Assistant Chief Joseph Roberts will serve as Interim Chief for the Charleston Fire Department, effective Saturday, April 7, 2018.

The interim position became available last week, when current Interim Chief John ...

Read on...

Posted on: April 3, 2018

Drone Information for the Cooper River Bridge Run

April 7th marks the 41st anniversary of the Cooper River Bridge Run. The run is expected to draw 40,000 runners and up to 75,000 spectators along the 6.2 mile course from Mount Pleasant over the Ravenel Bridge and into the City of Charleston. Due to the ...

Read on...
Posted on: April 2, 2018

Applications Open for 2018 Summer Youth Employment Program

The city of Charleston is currently accepting applications from high school and college students ages 15-22 for the 2018 Summer Youth Employment Program (SYEP).

Accepted students will work 20 hours per week from June 4 to July 27 in various city departmen...

Read on...

Posted on: April 2, 2018

City of Charleston Offers Special Event Parking Garage Rate for Cooper River Bridge Run Participants

The City of Charleston will offer a special event flat parking rate of $5 for Cooper River Bridge Run participants at three downtown parking garages beginning at 5 p.m., Friday, April 6, until 2 p.m., Saturday, April 7.

The special event rate only applies...

Read on...

Posted on: March 30, 2018

Mayor Tecklenburg Announces Selection of Daniel Curia as Charleston Fire Chief

Today, alongside members of City Council and community leaders, Charleston Mayor John Tecklenburg announced the selection of Daniel Curia as the new chief of the city of Charleston Fire Department. Chief Curia is set to begin on July 30, 2018.

Mayor Teckle...

Read on...

Posted on: March 23, 2018

City of Charleston Business Services Hosts Charleston “Meet the Lender” – Lender Matchmaking Event

In partnership with the Small Business Administration (SBA) and in honor of National Small Business Week, the city of Charleston Business & Neighborhood Services Division will host a “Meet the Lender” event on Monday, April 30, 201...

Read on...

Posted on: March 20, 2018

Mayor Tecklenburg Announces AWCCC Kids Camp, Makes Call for Literacy Volunteers

Mayor John Tecklenburg, alongside representatives from the city of Charleston Recreation Department, Mayor’s Office for Children, Youth, and Families, and Reading Partners, today announced this year’s Arthur W. Christopher Community Ce...

Read on...

Posted on: March 2, 2018

Resurfacing of Spring and Cannon Streets Scheduled to Begin Next Week

Based on the current weather forecast, the resurfacing of Spring and Cannon Streets is scheduled to begin Monday. Work is expected to last six days, weather permitting, and will impact traffic flow and on-street parking in the area.

During the milling and ...

Read on...

Posted on: February 26, 2018

2018 Business License Renewals Due Wednesday, Feb. 28

The final day to renew a city of Charleston business license without incurring late penalties is Wednesday, February 28, 2018. Visit http://charleston-sc.gov/business-license-renewal for more information and to renew online through the c...

Read on...

Posted on: February 15, 2018

Global Entry Program Interviews to Return to Gaillard Center

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers will return to Charleston to conduct in-person enrollment interviews with CBP’s Global Entry applicants in the first floor public meeting room at the Gaillard Center (2 George Street) Monday, Mar...

Read on...

Posted on: February 15, 2018

City of Charleston Gives Public Notice of FEMA Grant Application

The City of Charleston has applied for Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Hazard Mitigation Grant Program funding through the South Carolina Emergency Management Division (SCEMD) as a sub-grantee. 

The proposed work includes the replacem...

Read on...
Posted on: February 9, 2018

Mayors’ Commission on Homelessness & Affordable Housing to Announce Homeless to Hope Benefit Concert

The Mayors’ Commission on Homelessness and Affordable Housing, which includes Charleston Mayor John Tecklenburg, North Charleston Mayor R. Keith Summey, Mount Pleasant Mayor Will Haynie and Summerville Mayor Wiley Johnson, will hold a press conf...

Read on...

Posted on: February 7, 2018

City of Charleston and State of South Carolina to Host Flood Mitigation & Assistance Presentations

Representatives from the city of Charleston and state of South Carolina will host a series of presentations for residents on flood mitigation and assistance on Thursday, February 8, 2018. The first presentation will take place at Bees Landing Recreation C...

Read on...

Posted on: February 2, 2018

Resumes of Candidates for Police Chief Released

In advance of next week’s site visit from the final five candidates for city of Charleston Police Chief, the following biographies were made available. 

For additional information on the candidates’ visit, which will take place...

Read on...

Posted on: January 31, 2018

Tecklenburg Flooding Proposal Wins Unanimous Support of Senate Panel

Yesterday, Charleston Mayor John J. Tecklenburg traveled to Columbia to testify before the Senate Finance Committee Sales & Income Tax Subcommittee in favor of a bill (S. 917) that would allow municipalities to put revenue from local hospitality tax a...Read on...

Posted on: January 26, 2018

Resumes of Candidates for Fire Chief Released

In advance of next week’s site visit from the final four candidates for city of Charleston Fire Chief, the following biographies were made available. For additional information on the candidates’ visit, which will take place January ...Read on...
Posted on: January 17, 2018

City of Charleston Business License Renewals Due by Jan. 31, 2018

City of Charleston business license renewals for 2018 are due by January 31, 2018. Renewals can be processed through the city's secure customer access portal, linked here. For more information on business licenses and the city's renewal process, visit&am...Read on...
Posted on: January 22, 2018

Street Sweeping Towing in Cannonborough-Elliottborough Neighborhood

The Cannonborough-Elliottborough street sweeping towing program is set to resume Tuesday, January 23, 2018. The city of Charleston will have illegally parked vehicles towed during street sweeping periods beginning this week on Tuesday, January 23 and We...Read on...
Posted on: January 19, 2018

Youth Volunteer Corps of Charleston Awarded “YVC Cornerstone Grant”

The Youth Volunteer Corps (YVC) of Charleston was recently named a recipient of the YVC Cornerstone Grant, a $20,000 award distributed to affiliate programs undertaking measures to improve the outcomes of the greater YVC network through additional service...Read on...

Posted on: January 17, 2018

Office of Cultural Affairs presents On the Edge: From Combahee to Winyah at City Gallery

The City of Charleston Office of Cultural Affairs presents On the Edge: From Combahee to Winyah at City Gallery January 20 through March 4, 2018. This intricate bird’s eye view of the southern coastlines features the work of American photographe...Read on...

Posted on: January 5, 2018

City of Charleston PM Winter Weather Update for Jan. 5, 2018

At 4:30 p.m. today, city of Charleston Emergency Management resumed normal operations and the Emergency Operations Center closed.

Citizens and visitors are strongly advised to avoid unnecessary travel through the weekend. As long as snow and ice remai...Read on...

Posted on: January 5, 2018

City of Charleston AM Winter Weather Update for Jan. 5, 2018

As of 9 a.m. conditions in the city remain largely unchanged.

At this time, no roads or bridges in the city are closed due to weather. However, snow and ice remain on the roads continuing the hazardous driving conditions. Citizens and visitors are str...Read on...

Posted on: January 4, 2018

City of Charleston PM Winter Weather Update for Jan. 4, 2018

At 4:30 p.m. today, Charleston City Council met telephonically and unanimously passed an ordinance that formally declared a state of emergency in the city of Charleston due to yesterday’s winter storm event. The ordinance authorizes Mayor John T...Read on...

Posted on: January 4, 2018

City of Charleston AM Winter Weather Update for Jan. 4, 2018

The City of Charleston continues to work with state and local partners to get critical roads open. The city Emergency Operations Center remains at OPCON level 3. Road conditions throughout the area remain hazardous. Citizens and visitors are strongly adv...Read on...
Posted on: January 3, 2018

City of Charleston PM Winter Weather Update for Jan. 3, 2018

The City of Charleston continues to monitor weather conditions and work with local and state partners to open roads and bridges. The city Emergency Operations Center is now working at OPCON level 3. With roads expected to refreeze overnight, conditions a...Read on...
Posted on: January 3, 2018

City of Charleston AM Winter Weather Update for Jan. 3, 2018

At 7 a.m., the city of Charleston Emergency Operation Center opened at an OPCON level of 4. As wintery weather, including ice and snow, continues to move through the region, area residents are encouraged to remain up to date on the latest weather foreca...Read on...
Posted on: December 19, 2017

Statement of Charleston City Attorney on Dewberry Hotel Ruling

In response to yesterday’s Circuit Court ruling that the city’s Board of Zoning Appeals incorrectly applied the law in denying permission for a rooftop bar at the Dewberry Hotel [attached], city attorney Frances Cantwell issued the fol...

Read on...

Posted on: December 14, 2017

West Ashley Revitalization Commission Unanimously Endorses Implementation of Master Plan

At the West Ashley Revitalization Commission’s meeting last night, members unanimously endorsed the implementation of the West Ashley Master Plan submitted by Dover Kohl, the planning consultant hired by City Council earlier this year.

The plan i...

Read on...

Posted on: December 12, 2017

City of Charleston Offers Affordable Housing Through First Time Homeownership Initiative

The city of Charleston department of Housing and Community Development recently constructed two homes, located at 1904 Doscher Avenue and 56 Nunan Street, that are now available for purchase through their First Time Homeownership Initiative.

The Homeowners...

Read on...

Posted on: December 12, 2017

Department of Traffic and Transportation Releases New SmartCards for Updated Parking Meters

The city of Charleston department of traffic and transportation is in the process of updating the peninsula’s 1,709 parking meters to accept credit cards in addition to coin and SmartCard payments. To date, more than half of the meters have been...

Read on...

Posted on: December 4, 2017

City of Charleston Seeks Participants for Holiday Parade of Boats

The city of Charleston, in partnership with the Charleston Sail and Power Squadron, will hold the 36th Annual Holiday Parade of Boats on Saturday, December 9, 2017 in Charleston Harbor. Applications to participate will be accepted through Wednesday, Decem...

Read on...